Monday, 25th October 2021

Specific Learnng Difficulties
    ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder
    ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
    DAMP: Disorder of Attention, Motor and Planning

ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder: difficulties can include

  • sustaining attention and concentration
  • being easily distracted
  • not pay attention to details
  • learning new tasks and skills
  • often making careless mistakes
  • poor listening skills
  • not following instructions
  • failing to complete tasks
  • poor organisational skills and ability to think and plan ahead
  • often losing things.

ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder: difficulties can include

  • sustaining attention and concentration
  • poor listening skills
  • controlling impulses e.g. acts without thinking, blurts out answers without waiting to hear the whole question, says the wrong thing at the wrong time, interrupts others
  • hyperactive, restless and fidgety, always on the go
  • keeping control of emotions, quick temper
  • guessing rather than taking time to solve problems
  • poor behaviour,
  • emotional immaturity: poor understanding of social skills and social rules which affects friendships and social interactions
  • poor visual and auditory memory
  • poor sleep patterns
  • inconsistent achievement.

DAMP: Disorder of Attention, Motor and Planning: difficulties can include

  • sustaining attention and concentration
  • co-ordination and motor movement which may affect gross and fine motor skills, perception skills and planning and organisation of movement
  • planning and processing of language e.g. poor expressive language skills, poor social understanding and appreciating the thoughts and feelings of others.

Strategies for Home
Practical strategies to try at home: 

The characteristics of the above disorders can significantly affect all aspects of a child’s life and can create serious long-term difficulties in relationships with others.  Difficulties are not usually confined to the school situation with similar behaviours presenting significant challenges for families in the home.

  • Provide structure and routine. Establish simple and predictable routines for meals, homework, play and bed.
  • Use clocks and timers and allow sufficient time for tasks to be completed.
  • Always be consistency, give clear directions which are written down to reinforce expectations.
  • Provide organised, consistent systems of rewards and consequences for their behaviour making sure explanations of achievements and sanctions are understood.
  • Positive reinforcement can improve attention, concentration and impulse control.
  • Provide a quiet, private of his or her own.
  • Children with ADHD can be very creative and imaginative.  Encourage creative games and activities that fill up that fill up our child’s time.
  • Organised sports and physical activities help burn excess energy and can also improve concentration and decreases depression and anxiety.  Martial arts e.g. tae kwon do can be particularly effective in helping develop control of movement and an understanding of the importance of rules.  Exercise also leads to improved sleep which in turn reduces the symptoms of ADHD.
  • Fresh food, regular meal times and elimination of junk food can improve impulsivity and concentration.
  • Teach good social skills and social rules to help develop good relationships with peers.

Strategies to discuss with School
Practical strategies to discuss with school:

  • Establish the big picture in school i.e. how any difficulties affect learning, both academic and social.           
  • Discuss additional support needs (ASN) and establish how individual needs will be met.
  • Discuss and agree homework expectations.

Motorvate Offers
What can Motorvate offer?

  • Advice and support as appropriate.
  • Liaise as appropriate with parents/carers and school.
  • Motorvate ‘Big Goals’ Programme introduced for children with Additional Support Needs or indeed any youngster who finds the playground a challenge.  This group gives youngsters the opportunity to play and develop their skills and self-confidence and have lots of fun through football.
  • Sports Therapy Groups which focus on developing the motor skills of balance, gross and fine motor skills, bilateral integration and motor planning as well as building self-confidence and social skills through fun games and activities. 
  • Individual intervention sessions to address motor difficulties which will also build confidence and self-esteem.
  • Social Skills Group: activities which help to develop an understanding of social skills and social rules which are required to ensure good relationships with peers.


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Motorvate Therapies Ltd - registered in Scotland SC443744

Unit 3, Tayview Industrial estate
Perth PH28DG

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